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The 1950s  

Jennifer Delton

Online publication date:
Oct 2015
The 1950s have typically been seen as a complacent, conservative time between the end of World War II and the radical 1960s, when anticommunism and the Cold War subverted reform and ... More

The Salem Witch Trials  

Emerson W. Baker

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Salem Witch Trials are one of the best known, most studied, and most important events in early American history. The afflictions started in Salem Village (present-day Danvers), ... More

The Separation of Church and State in the United States  

Steven K. Green

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
Separation of church and state has long been viewed as a cornerstone of American democracy. At the same time, the concept has remained highly controversial in the popular culture and law. ... More

Sexuality and American Religion  

Kathryn Lofton

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Both sexuality and religion are terms as vexatious to define as they can be alluring to pursue. In the contemporary period, figuring out one’s sexual feelings, identity, and preferences ... More

Sports, Recreation, and Leisure: Nightlife in the City  

Peter C. Baldwin

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Today the term nightlife typically refers to social activities in urban commercial spaces—particularly drinking, dancing, dining, and listening to live musical performances. This was not ... More

Temperance and Prohibition  

H. Paul Thompson Jr.

Online publication date:
May 2017
The temperance and prohibition movement—a social reform movement that pursued many approaches to limit or prohibit the use and/or sale of alcoholic beverages—is arguably the ... More

The American Experience during World War I  

Ross A. Kennedy

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
World War I profoundly affected the United States. It led to an expansion of America’s permanent military establishment, a foreign policy focused on reforming world politics, and American ... More

The Counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s  

Blake Slonecker

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
In the decade after 1965, radicals responded to the alienating features of America’s technocratic society by developing alternative cultures that emphasized authenticity, individualism, ... More

Transcendentalism  

David M. Robinson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
New England transcendentalism is the first significant literary movement in American history, notable principally for the influential works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, and ... More

Universities in America since 1945  

Christopher P. Loss

Until World War II, American universities were widely regarded as good but not great centers of research and learning. This changed completely in the press of wartime, when the federal ... More

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