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Daily Life in the Jim Crow South, 1900–1945  

Jennifer Ritterhouse

Online publication date:
May 2018
Distinctive patterns of daily life defined the Jim Crow South. Contrary to many observers’ emphasis on de jure segregation—meaning racial separation demanded by law—neither law nor the ... More

The Great Depression  

Erik Gellman and Margaret Rung

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
From the late 1920s through the 1930s, countries on every inhabited continent suffered through a dramatic and wrenching economic contraction termed the Great Depression, an economic ... More

The City Beautiful Movement, 1890–1920  

John D. Fairfield

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The City Beautiful movement arose in the 1890s in response to the accumulating dirt and disorder in industrial cities, which threatened economic efficiency and social peace. City Beautiful ... More

American Radio and Technological Transformation from Invention to Broadcasting, 1900–1945  

Michael A. Krysko

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Radio debuted as a wireless alternative to telegraphy in the late 19th century. At its inception, wireless technology could only transmit signals and was incapable of broadcasting actual ... More

The Great Migration in Context: The Chicago Experience, 1916–1918  

Christopher R. Reed

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The unanticipated and massive migration of half a million African Americans between 1916 and 1918 from the racially oppressive South to the welcoming North surprised the nation. Directly ... More

The United States in the 1920s  

Paul V. Murphy

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Americans grappled with the implications of industrialization, technological progress, urbanization, and mass immigration with startling vigor and creativity in the 1920s even as wide ... More

American Food, Cooking, and Nutrition, 1900–1945  

Helen Zoe Veit

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The first half of the 20th century saw extraordinary changes in the ways Americans produced, procured, cooked, and ate food. Exploding food production easily outstripped population growth ... More

Teacher Unionism in the 20th-Century United States  

Adam Mertz

Since the turn of the 20th century, teachers have tried to find a balance between bettering their own career prospects as workers and educating their students as public servants. To reach ... More

Communist Party USA, 1919 to 1957  

James R. Barrett

The largest and most important revolutionary socialist organization in US history, the Communist Party USA was always a minority influence. It reached considerable size and influence, ... More

Women, Militarized Domesticity, and Transnationality in the U.S. Occupation of Okinawa  

Mire Koikari

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
After World War II, Okinawa was placed under U.S. military rule and administratively separated from mainland Japan. This occupation lasted from 1945 to 1972, and in these decades Okinawa ... More

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