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Memorializing Incarceration: The Japanese American Experience in World War II and Beyond  

Franklin Odo

On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing the incarceration of 120,000 Japanese Americans, living primarily on the West Coast of the ... More

The United States and the United Nations  

Michelle Getchell

The United States was heavily involved in creating the United Nations in 1945 and drafting its charter. The United States continued to exert substantial clout in the organization after its ... More

Popular Culture and U.S. Foreign Relations  

Andrew J. Falk

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Americans in and out of government have relied on media and popular culture to construct the national identity, frame debates on military interventions, communicate core values abroad, and ... More

Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Relations  

Thomas A. Reinstein

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The United States has a rich history of intelligence in the conduct of foreign relations. Since the Revolutionary War, intelligence has been most relevant to U.S. foreign policy in two ... More

Isolationism  

Justus D. Doenecke

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
For the United States, isolationism is best defined as avoidance of wars outside the Western Hemisphere, particularly in Europe; opposition to binding military alliances; and the ... More

American Foreign Economic Policy  

Daniel Sargent

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Foreign economic policy involves the mediation and management of economic flows across borders. Over two and a half centuries, the context for U.S. foreign economic policy has transformed. ... More

A History of Philippine-American Relations  

Patricio N. Abinales

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
An enduring resilience characterizes Philippine–American relationship for several reasons. For one, there is an unusual colonial relationship wherein the United States took control of the ... More

Tourism in the History of U.S. Foreign Relations  

Blake C. Scott

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Tourism is so deep-seated in the history of U.S. foreign relations we seem to have taken its presence for granted. Millions of American tourists have traveled abroad, yet one can count ... More

The United States Civil War in an Atlantic Context  

Don H. Doyle

America’s Civil War became part of a much larger international crisis as European powers, happy to see the experiment in self-government fail in America’s “Great Republic,” took advantage ... More

Nuclear Arms Control in U.S. Foreign Policy  

Jonathan Hunt

The development of military arms harnessing nuclear energy for mass destruction has inspired continual efforts to control them. Since 1945, the United States, the Soviet Union, the United ... More

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