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date: 11 December 2017

Summary and Keywords

The 1950s have typically been seen as a complacent, conservative time between the end of World War II and the radical 1960s, when anticommunism and the Cold War subverted reform and undermined civil liberties. But the era can also be seen as a very liberal time in which meeting the Communist threat led to Keynesian economic policies, the expansion of New Deal programs, and advances in civil rights. Politically, it was “the Eisenhower Era,” dominated by a moderate Republican president, a high level of bipartisan cooperation, and a foreign policy committed to containing communism. Culturally, it was an era of middle-class conformity, which also gave us abstract expressionism, rock and roll, Beat poetry, and a grassroots challenge to Jim Crow.

Keywords: 1950s, Cold War, anticommunism, Keynesianism, liberal consensus, McCarthyism, Eisenhower, Republican Party, military spending, conformity, suburbia, liberalism, conservatism, African Americans, race relations, gender roles

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